America's Heavy Equipment Technician Shortage

Insight - 23 Min read

February 16, 2024

Heavy equipment technicians play a vital role in ensuring that construction jobsites remain safe and stay on schedule. From performing proactive maintenance, to emergency repairs to complete full overhauls of critical systems, heavy equipment technicians keep yellow iron moving and productive.

According to the Associated Equipment Dealers (AED) organization, there will be a need to train and hire 73,500 heavy equipment technicians over the next five years. Not filling these roles could have a major impact on the construction industry as fewer techs ultimately translates to more equipment downtime and higher costs. Furthermore, a shortage of heavy equipment technicians would also have a major impact on the $300B used heavy equipment industry as techs play a key role in inspecting, maintaining and repairing assets prior to resale.


How exactly did we get here?

Before thinking about how to solve the tech shortage, it's important to understand how we got here. In their 2020 report entitled “The Equipment Industry Technician Shortage: Causes, Impacts and Policy Recommendations” the AED summarized the problem as a result of the following:

Shifting skills

Heavy equipment technicians now require more extensive computer skills to leverage the latest technology and tools in completing their work efficiently.

Low social perceptions and visibility of technical jobs

According to the bureau of labor statistics, less than 30% of Americans would encourage their children to pursue a heavy equipment technician career.

Social momentum toward 4 year degrees

Between 2000 and 2017, the U.S. Department of Education reported that the percentage of high school graduates enrolling in four year degrees increased by 3.4%.% to 66.7

Baby Boomers retiring

Despite the average retirement age rising to 66 years old, the volume of retirements in the decade to come will create a wave of vacancies and a major loss of hands-on experience and knowledge.

Misalignment of labor market needs and school system

Employers of heavy equipment technicians when surveyed reported general dissatisfaction with the training and job readiness being provided by high schools, community colleges, trade organizations and private technical colleges. High schools have received particularly low ratings reinforcing that not enough has been done to provide technical education to young adults.


How do we fix it?

Addressing the heavy equipment technicians labor shortage ultimately boils down to increasing visibility and building tighter partnerships between employers and education providers. Some ideas that are showing early signs of success include:

Increasing visibility early

Local employers need to partner with high schools to introduce young adults to career paths and provide guidance on the best way to break into the industry and become an efficient heavy equipment technician. Examples of this include, attending career days, giving guest talks and sponsoring events. 

Accreditation programs sponsored by trade groups

In order to better align the employment needs of tech employers with the skills of graduates from community and technical colleges, there needs to be standards of excellence and partnership in developing the coursework. Sponsoring the creation of an accreditation program and enabling institutions to meet the necessary standards, ensures that employers have a pipeline of highly qualified job applicants.


Even with accreditation programs in place, there is no substitute for on-the-job training where experienced heavy equipment technicians work hand in hand with the next generation. This requires the funding of course but employers and local governments should view this program as an investment in the future.

Upping the ‘coolness’ factor

With the next generation of techs being digital natives who spend their spare time on Facebook, Instagram, and Snapchat, work needs to be done to make companies put the career on a pedestal and champion it. Caterpillar recently launched the 2021 edition of their popular web series Cat Trials with an emphasis on the heavy equipment technician job. The bottom line: This is a hands-on career for someone who likes to fix the biggest machines.


The education pathway for a heavy equipment technicians

Sometimes, just little training and an aptitude for the job are enough. It's stable and offers a good paycheck even for workers with limited on the job training. In fact, 44% of heavy equipment technicians have no additional education extending past receiving their high school diploma or equivalent. Any high school-level courses that explore automotive repair, physics and electronics serve as strong foundations for heavy equipment maintenance.

If you're interested in becoming a heavy equipment technician, one of the first things to consider is how much education you need. We've determined that 10.9% of heavy equipment technicians have a bachelor's degree. In terms of higher education levels, we found that 2.7% of heavy equipment technicians have master's degrees. Even though some heavy equipment technicians have a college degree, it's possible to become one with only a high school degree or GED.

So what exactly does a Heavy Equipment Technician do once they receive their on the job training?

What Is a Heavy Equipment Technician? An important part of confirming the smooth operation of machines and the safety of heavy equipment technicians, heavy farm equipment mechanics, service technicians and fleet mechanics play a key role in multiple job sectors, including construction, farming and transportation. Being a heavy equipment technician requires training for you to diagnose issues with mobile equipment, service appliances based on manufacturer specifications and load, remove, and place material such as rocks, debris, and the like.


Do I need a certification or license for being a mobile equipment service technician?

Licenses are not needed, and certification is not always required to become a heavy equipment technician, though there are many certifications that can help expand a technician's knowledge and employability.

In summary

With the U.S. government preparing to spend hundreds of billions of dollars on infrastructure via theAmerican Jobs Plan, the heavy equipment industry needs to move faster and be more proactive aboutsolving this labor shortage. Failing to close the gap would have direct consequences on the construction industry and negatively on demand and impact both safety and productivity.


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