Used Excavators for sale in Albany, NY


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An excavator is a powerful, multipurpose construction machine used for digging out the earth with a bucket attachment. Diesel-powered and designed to handle a variety of tasks, excavators have evolved into an essential piece of heavy equipment for construction sites, mining, waste management, forestry, and other industries.

Types and Components of Excavators

New and used excavators come in various sizes and styles, but the primary purpose remains the same – digging. The most common types of excavator are the standard hydraulic excavators, mini excavators, and long-reach excavators. 

Standard excavators are versatile and efficient, perfect for the majority of construction projects. Compact excavators are smaller in size, making them an excellent choice for jobs in confined spaces or where maneuverability is essential. Long-reach excavators have an extended arm and boom, granting them access to hard-to-reach areas for tasks like dredging or excavation in deep pits.

Most excavators for sale have a tracked design, which provides increased stability and resistance to slipping on rough or loose terrain. However, some models feature wheels for more accessible transportation and increased speed on paved surfaces.

The main components of an excavator include the cab, engine, boom, digging arm, hydraulic system, and attachment (usually a bucket). The cab is where the operator sits and controls the machine, typically offering excellent visibility and comfort. The engine powers the excavator, with most models using diesel engines for their power and efficiency. The boom, a long articulated arm, provides the excavator's range and reach. The digging arm, also known as the dipper or stick, connects to the boom and attachment, allowing the excavator to dig and carry materials.

The hydraulic system plays a critical role in the operation of an excavator. It uses pressurized fluid to move the boom, arm, and attachment, granting the machine its incredible power and precision. The attachments, most commonly a bucket, are interchangeable, allowing the excavator to take on various tasks beyond digging.

Capabilities and Uses of Excavators

While excavators are primarily used for digging, their adaptability and diverse range of attachments make them one of the most versatile heavy machines in the construction industry. Excavators can dig between 10 to 48 feet deep, depending on the size and reach of the model. They are also stable on slopes, making them ideal for digging trenches, foundations, and even large pits.

With the right attachments, excavators can take on many other tasks:

1. Clearing Brush: Using brush cutters or mulcher attachments, excavators can effectively clear land of unwanted vegetation and overgrowth. This capability is especially useful in preparing construction sites and maintaining property borders.

2. Loading and Dumping: When equipped with a bucket attachment, the excavator becomes an efficient loader, capable of lifting and transporting large amounts of materials, such as soil, gravel, sand, rocks, and debris. This comes in handy while working on construction sites, in mining, or during waste management tasks.

3. Demolishing: Fitted with a hydraulic breaker or crusher attachment, excavators transform into powerful demolition machines. They can effectively break through walls, floors, and even reinforced concrete, making them indispensable in demolition and renovation projects.

4. Lifting and Moving Objects: Excavators can also function as cranes when equipped with a lifting attachment, enabling them to move heavy objects around construction sites or load materials onto trucks.

5. Drilling and Piling: With a rotary drilling attachment, excavators can bore holes into the ground for installing foundation elements like piles or conducting soil tests.

Safety and Maintenance of Excavators

Like any heavy equipment, safety is of utmost importance when operating an excavator. Operators must undergo proper training and obtain necessary certifications to ensure they can safely and effectively maneuver the machine. Always adhere to safety guidelines and regulations, including wearing appropriate safety gear, maintaining a secure working distance, and following load capacities.

Routine and regular maintenance of excavators is vital to ensure their longevity and efficiency. Operators should inspect their machines daily, checking for any damages, leaks, or potential issues. Regularly monitoring the hydraulic system, engine, transmission, and tracks or wheels can help detect any problems early, preventing costly repairs or downtime.


Excavators are a valuable asset to the construction, mining, and other industries, thanks to their versatility, power, and efficiency. With various types, sizes, and attachments available, these machines can handle a wide range of tasks beyond digging. By prioritizing safety and following proper maintenance procedures, operators can make the most of these high-powered construction machines and ensure their successful integration on any project site.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • The cost of used excavators can vary widely, from $15,000 to over $100,000, depending on factors such as type, age, and condition. When searching for used excavators, consider aspects like location, year, and price to find a suitable option. Compare features, specifications, and manufacturer support to ensure the machine meets your needs.

    Before purchasing, try to inspect the excavator in person and inquire about its service history and maintenance records. Well-maintained machines with readily available replacement parts are more valuable investments. By taking these factors into account and conducting thorough research, you can find the right used excavator for your needs at a fair price.

  • Some of the best excavator manufacturers include Caterpillar, John Deere, Volvo, Liebherr, and Komatsu.

  • Excavators are used for general earth moving, site preparation, digging ponds, swimming pools, reservoirs, demolition, and dredging rivers.

  • Mini excavators weigh around 10,000 lbs, medium excavators weigh about 15,000 lbs, while large excavators can weigh 100,000 lbs.

  • When searching for a used excavator, there are several factors to consider. These include the type of excavator, construction equipment brands, size, performance, condition, and more. Excavator types range from mini excavators for smaller projects to hydraulic, wheeled, and mobile excavators for more significant projects. Whether you are looking for new and used excavators for landscaping projects or other construction work, keep these factors in mind:

    1. Equipment type: Consider the type of excavator that best fits your needs, based on the size and nature of your project. Popular types include mini excavators for smaller projects, hydraulic excavators for more substantial work, and wheeled or mobile excavators for projects requiring more mobility. Review listings and auctions today to find the right equipment type for your job.

    2. Brands: Research different excavator manufacturers and their product offerings, such as Bobcat, Caterpillar, and Komatsu. Look for trusted brands and make notes to compare features and performance.

    3. Condition: Inspect the excavator's overall condition, including its engine, hydraulics, and buckets. Check for signs of damage, rust, or excessive wear. If you're buying from an online auction or a huge inventory marketplace, examine photographs, and read descriptions carefully, particularly with high-risk auctions.

    4. Hours of usage: Check the hour meter on the excavator to estimate its usage, wear and tear, and remaining lifespan. A lower hour reading typically indicates a lesser-used machine, which may result in a longer-lasting investment.

    5. Maintenance history: Inquire about the maintenance history of the excavator and verify that it has been serviced regularly by its previous owners. Proper service can increase equipment's longevity and help prevent costly repairs down the line.

    6. Location: Consider the location of the used excavator as it will impact shipping and transportation costs. Some marketplaces offer location-based searches, making it easier to find equipment near your project site.

    7. Price: Compare prices of used excavators across different marketplaces to find a suitable option within your budget. Keep in mind that some sellers may be willing to negotiate, so always be prepared to bargain for a better deal.

    8. Buying format: Review different buying formats, such as online auctions or private sales. Auctions often offer an extensive selection of inventory with higher risk, while private buying experiences like Boom & Bucket give you more information about the machine and its history.

    9. Test drive: If possible, arrange for a test drive or viewing before purchasing the excavator to get a better understanding of its performance, functionality, and overall condition.

    By considering these factors and using comparison tools like watching compared meters, saved searches, and item notes, you can make an informed decision when buying a used excavator for your business. Don't forget to stay up-to-date on the latest listings by signing up for email alerts, and always expand your search on different platforms to have a wide range of options to choose from.

  • The more hours a machine has logged, the closer its components may be to failure. When buying a used excavator, ask for a full inspection report, maintenance records and oil sample history. Common issues include wear in the mounting pistons, wear and cracks in the tracks, and operate seat issues.

  • Excavator operators can make anywhere from $33,000 to $60,000 a year.

  • There are no special certifications needed to become an excavator operator, however, you will need a driver's license and/or CDL. Most employers prefer that you are trained and have previous experience using heavy equipment, but they may provide additional training after hiring you.

  • Conducting proper maintenance on a used excavator involves several critical steps. Here's a brief overview:

    1. Regular inspection: Regularly inspect the excavator for any visible signs of wear, damage, or leaks. Pay extra attention to hydraulic lines, hoses, and seals, as these can cause operational issues if damaged.

    2. Fluid checks: Check engine oil, hydraulic fluid, coolant, and fuel levels at regular intervals, ensuring they are at the recommended levels. Change fluids per manufacturer guidelines and address any leaks immediately.

    3. Lubrication: Grease all pivot points, including bucket, boom, and stick connections, to reduce friction and wear. Consult the manufacturer's guidelines for specific lubrication intervals and grease types.

    4. Track tension: Inspect the tension of the excavator tracks periodically and adjust as needed, per the operator's manual, to prevent uneven wear or potential damage.

    5. Filter replacement: Replace air, oil, and fuel filters as per the recommended schedule in the manufacturer's maintenance guide.

    6. Clean the radiator: Regularly clean the excavator's radiator to ensure proper airflow and cooling. Overheating can cause severe engine damage.

    7. Inspect and replace wear parts: Periodically inspect wear parts like bucket teeth, cutting edges, and undercarriage components. Replace these parts as needed to maintain the excavator's efficiency and performance.

    8. Scheduled maintenance: Follow the manufacturer's recommended maintenance schedule for routine service and inspections, including engine tune-ups and hydraulic system checks.

    Always refer to the excavator's operator and maintenance manual for specific procedures and guidelines related to your specific make and model. Regular maintenance can help maximize the used excavator's performance, prolong its life, and reduce downtime and repair costs.